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美國保險 – 歷史 – 結構 – 癌症治療 – 1800 ->2020?


Who we are: 我們是誰

Ancient Era Insurance (遠古時代的保險)

The earliest known instance of insurance dates back to the Babylonian period circa 2250 BC when the Babylonians developed a type of loan insurance for maritime business. Examples can be found in the Code of Hammurabi. 汉谟拉比法典  現存于羅浮宮 (中國商朝)


The first methods of transferring or distributing risk in a monetary economy were practiced by Chinese and Babylonian traders in the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC, respectively. Chinese merchants traveling treacherous river rapids would redistribute their wares across many vessels to limit the loss due to any single vessel’s capsizing. The Babylonians developed a system that was recorded in the famous Code of Hammurabi, c. 1750 BC, and practiced by early Mediterranean sailing merchants. If a merchant received a loan to fund his shipment, he would pay the lender an additional sum in exchange for the lender’s guarantee to cancel the loan should the shipment be stolen or lost at sea. England in the mid-18th-century Merchants and shipowners very largely insured their own ventures themselves, but the need for discounting facilities arose after 1750 with the growing volume of bills drawn against West Indian merchants. Thus some of the more important Liverpool merchants began to exercise the functions of banking


Modern insurance (現代保險) – ‎两个「日不落帝国」 · ‎西班牙帝国 · ‎大英帝国

Insurance became more sophisticated in the Enlightenment era Europe, and specialized varieties developed. Some forms of insurance developed in London in the early decades of the 17th century. For example, the will of the English colonist Robert Hayman mentioned two “policies of insurance” taken out with the diocesan Chancellor of London, Arthur Duck. Of the value of £100 each, one related to the safe arrival of Hayman’s ship in Guyana and the other was in regard to “one hundred pounds assured by the said Doctor Arthur Ducke on my life”.

Warren Buffett – (沃伦·巴菲特 BRK-A)


Do you know how Warren Buffett makes his fortune?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_assets_owned_by_Berkshire_Hathaway (Compositions)

Warren Buffett has a $128 billion cash pile. (巴菲特的1,280億美元現金儲備)

Do you like free money? 免費的錢 – 喜歡嗎?

(巴菲特 BRK-A) :(JPMorgan洛克菲勒):(AMZN: 贝索斯)

Haven Healthcare, a joint venture between Amazon, JPMorgan Chase, and Berkshire Hathaway, created its first offering in the form of health insurance plans for tens of thousands of employees.

Explain – how to collect insurance premium & use as free money

For the fiscal year 2018, UnitedHealth Group reported earnings of US$11.98 billion, with annual revenue of US$226.2 billion

The amount is Vietnam GDP #44 in the world. 

Why Obama #44 and Warren Buffett are suddenly best pals (奧巴馬總統和巴菲特突然變成好友)


What is Obama Care & Why (奧巴馬健保和為什麼)

ObamaCare E


The reason (表面的原因) 

USA – the only advanced country without Universal Health Care.  

美國 – 唯一還未有全民健保的先進國家!

Medical Bills: The Leading Cause of Bankruptcy (昂貴的醫療費用是導致


Medical Bills: The Leading Cause of Bankruptcy in the United States. Debt is a huge problem in the United States. Whether it is from paying for school or buying a home, a large portion of American citizens owes some amount of money. Unfortunately, medical expenses are one of the reasons some people fall into debt.







  • 為沒有醫療保險美國公民提供醫療保障;紐約白卡:$74.9 B
  • 限制美國全民購買健保;川普健保-2020免罰款
  • 並不容許保險公司因疾病等藉口拒保。

Why is the USA healthcare cost is so expensive? Free Market? (為什麼美國的醫療費用這麼昂貴?資本主義價高者得?)

USA vs. Singapore Comparison (Newsweek)

Singapore has World # 3 Hospital


The population of Nanjing & #3, Similar to Singapore

Similar Doctor Education System as China (與中國醫生類似的教育體系)

A college degree, graduation from medical school, and residency are required to become a doctor alone, with additional years of experience and specialty training to become an oncologist. Licensing is mandatory, and oncologists should have certification if they have a subspecialty.

In order to become a doctor in Singapore, you require to have at least an MBSS or equivalent or certification from any school of medicine that is recognized by the Ministry of Health to be considered as a doctor in Singapore. (Click for best Hospital in the World)

All Singaporeans and PRs get basic health insurance (MediShield Life) which covers basic public hospital treatments.

Nobel Laureate? The secret?


Singaporean Complaint. – 4 hours wait for time新加坡人的投訴 四小時的等候時間


2017 – Jeffrey c. Hall; Michael Morris Rosbash; Brandeis University ;

Jeff Hall Rockefeller University to MSK 

As of October 2019, a total of 36 Nobel laureates have been affiliated with Rockefeller University. Japan has 28

2018 James P. Allison (MD Anderson) &  Tasuku Honjo (Shared 2018 Nobel Prize of Medicine)

2019 William G. Kaelin (Dana–Farber Cancer), Gregg L. Semenza (John Hopkins), Peter J. Ratcliffe Oxford University

全球最好的癌症醫院 (百度)

The aftermath of ObamaCare… No more PPO insurance (一分價錢一分貨)

With PPO insurance, you can go to any hospital like MSK, MD Anderson.